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تفسیر سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

 

الباب التاسع بعد المائة في تفسيرسُورة الكوثر

تفسير سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

 

 

albab alttasie baed almiayat fi tfsyrsurt alkawthar
bism alllah alrrahmn alrrahim تفسیر سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthar (1) fasall lirabbik wanhar (2) ‘inn shaniak hu al’abtar (3)﴿ wafih fslan: alfasl al’awal fi muhtawayat surat alkawthar .wafih bahath ghurayb , wafih masayil

 al’uwlaa : maerifatuha 

aelm!an aelm!an surat alkawthar makiatan qalah abn eabbas radi allah taealaa eanhuma waljamhur rahamahum allah taealaa , waqil ‘iinaha madaniat qalah alhasan waeakramat waqitadat rahamihim allah taealaa wahi thlath ayat waeashar kalimat waithnan wa’arbaeun harafa( )yeani min almufsil . wayatuha thlath .watartibuha bialmushf alththaminat baed almiaya . wanuzalat baed surat aleadiati. wabada’at biaslub tawkid . fawasil ayatiha ealaa alrra’i. wahi ‘aqsar suar alquran eadad kalimat waeadad hurufan, wa’amaa fi eadad alayat fasurat aleasr wasurat alnasr mithlaha walakun kalimatuha ‘akthar. walam yadhkur lifazi aljalalat fiha , wala nasikh wala mansukh fiha , wayujad fi alquran arbe suar mabdu’atan bima badiat bih hadhih walfath wanuh walqadr , wala yujad surat makhtumat bima khatamat bih walam takarir bialquran kilhu.alkuthr hu ‘ahad ‘anhar aljana .wafiyha bayan alminnat ealaa syd almursalin , w’amrh balsslat walqurban , w’iikhbarh b’iihlak ‘aedayh ‘ahl alkhaybat walkhudhlani. (mlakhas altafasira).

 althanyt: rabtuha 

aelm!an qal al’imam fakhar aldiyn rahimah allah taealaa: hi kalmuqabilat lilati qabliha , li’ana alssabiqat wasaf allah subhanah fiha almunafiqin bi’arbaeat ‘umur : albakhl , watirak alsalat , walriya’ fiha , wamane alzakat wadhakar fi hadhih alsuwrat fi muqabalat albakhl : ( ‘inna ‘aetynak alkwthar) ‘aya : alkhayr alkthyr wafi muqabalat tarak alsala (fsall) ‘ay dum ealayha wafi muqabalat alriya’ : (lrbk) ‘aya : lrdah , la lilnaas wafi muqabalat mane almaeun : (wanhr) wa’arad bih : altasaduq biluhum al’adahi qal : faietabar hadhih almunasibat aleajiba.( )

 alththalithat aismuha 

aelm!an sumiyat hadhih alsawrat fi jmye almasahif alty ra’aynaha fi jmye altafasir ‘aydaan “swarat alkuthiriliaiftitahiha biqawl alllah taealaa mukhatibaan nabih – salaa allah ealayh wasalam – : ‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthar ‘aya alkhayr alkthyr alddayim fi aldunya walakhirat , waminh : nahr alkawthar fi aljinati. wakadhalak eunuanuha altarmadhia fi kitab altafsir min “jamaeih”. waeunuaniha albikharii fi sahihih sura {‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthara} walam yueiduha fi “al’iitqana” mae alsuwr alty lays laha ‘akthar min asma. wanuqil saed allah alshahir bisaediin fi “hashiatih ealaa tafsir albaydawi” ean albqaey ‘anaha tusamaa “swarat alnahra”..(mulakhis altafasir).

 alrabet: mawdueuha 

aelm!an qad tahadatht ean fadal allah aleazim ealaa nabih alkarim , bi’iietayih alkhayr alkthyr , walnaem aleazimat fi aldunya walakhirat , waminha (nhar alkawthar ) waghayr dhlk min alkhayr aleazim aleamim , waqad daeat alrasul ‘iilaa ‘iidamat alsalat , wanahr alhady shukraan lilah wakhatamat alsuwrat bibasharat alrasul ( – salaa allah ealayh wasalam – ) bikhaziyi ‘aedayih , wawasafat mubaghidih bialdhilat walhaqarat , wal’iinqitae min kl khayr fi aldunya walakhirat , baynama dhakar alrasul marfue ealaa almanayir walmanabir , waisimah alsharif ealaa kl lisan , khalid ‘iilaa akhir aldahr walzamani.

alkhamst: khalasatuha 

aelm!an ashtamalat ealaa bisharat alnabii ( salaa allah ealayh wasalam ) bi’anah ‘uety alkhayr alkthyr fi aldunya walakhirat wa’amruh bi’ana yashkur allah ealaa dhlk bal’iiqbal ealaa aleibada .wa’ana dhlk hu alkamal alhaqu la ma yatatawal bih almushrikun ealaa almuslimin bialtharwat walniemat wahum maghdub ealayhim min allah taealaa li’anahum ‘abghaduu rasulih , waghadib allah btar lahum ‘iidha kanuu bimahali alsukht min allah . wa’ana ainqitae alwald aldhikr lays btraan li’ana dhlk la ‘athar lah fi kamal al’iinsan.

 alssadust:fadiluha 

aelima!’an qal al’imam rahimah allah taealaa ean rasul allah salaa allah ealayh wasalam qal min qara surat alkawthar saqah allah min kuli bayr fi aljanat wayuktab lah eshr hasanat bieadad kl qarban qarbah aleabbad yawm alnahr ‘aw yuqaribunihu, qult rawah althaelabii min hadith salam bin salim thana harun bin kthyr ean zayd bin ‘aslam ean ‘abih ean ‘abii ‘amamat ean ‘abiin bin kueb marfueaan … fadhikrihi, warawah abn murdawih fi tafsiruh bisundih alththani fi al eimran ‘illa ‘anah qal ‘aw yuqaribunah min ‘ahl alkitab walmushrikin warawaa alwahidii fi alwasit bisinadih almutaqadim sadrah lm yaqul fih wayuktab lah eshr hasanat ‘iilaa akharuh.

aelm!an ‘akhtalif almufsirun fi alshaanaa’ alnuzula: faqil : hu aleas bin wayil wakanat alearab tasamiy man kan lah banun wabanat thuma maat albanun wabaqi albanat ‘abtur faqil : ‘in aleas waqf mae alnby salaa allah ealayh wasalam yukalimah faqal lah jame min sanadid quraysh : mae min kunt waqfaan mae dhlk al’abtar , wakan qad twfy qabl dhlk eabd allah abn alnby salaa allah ealayh wasalam fanuzalat alayata. waean abn eabbas radi allah eanhuma qal : kan ‘ahl aljahiliat ‘iidha maat abn alrajul qaluu ‘abtur flan falamaa tuufiy eabd allah abn alnby salaa allah ealayh wasalam kharaj ‘abu jahl ealaa ‘ashabah faqal : batar muhamad fanzalta. waqal alsdy : ‘in qryshaan kanuu yaqulun liman maat dhukur waladih bitar flan falamaa maat larasul allah salaa allah ealayh wasalam alqasim bimakat wa’iibrahim bialmadinat qaluu bitar muhamad falays lah min yaqum bi’amrih min baedih fanazilta. waqil : lamaa ‘awhaa allah taealaa ‘iilaa alnby salaa allah ealayh wasalam daea quraysh ‘iilaa al’iiman qaluu : ‘abtar minaa muhamad , ‘ayu :

khalifuna wainqatae eanaa fanazalt.
{ alfasl alththani:fiu tafsir ayat surat alkawthar ,wfih bahath jalayl , wafih musyilatan }

alawla:- tahqiq alayat alkarima 
 alawl: almunasibat bayn alayat alkarimat 

‘iielama! annh limawasif alllah taealaa alkufaar walmunafiqin aladhin yukadhibun bialdiyn ‘ay bialjaza’ al’akhrawii bi’arbae sifat : albakhlu, watarak alsalata, walriya’ ‘aw almura’at fi alsalat, wamane alkhayr walzakata; fadhakir alllah taealaa fi hadhih alsawrat fi muqabalat tilk alsfat al’arbae sifat ‘arbaeana lilnabii salaa allah ealayh wasalm, fadhakir ‘anah ‘aetah alkawthar fi muqabalat albakhli, wa’amruh bialmuazabat ealaa alsalat fi muqabalat tarak alsalat , wa’amruh bial’iikhlas fi alsalati, fi muqabalat almura’at fi alsalat , wa’amruh bialtasaduq bilahm al’adahi ealaa alfuqara’ , fi muqabalat mane almaeuna. walsuwrat alkarimat bisharat lilnabii salaa alllh ealayh wasalam bi’ana alllh taealaa sayuetih alkhayr aljazil , waldhikr alkhalid.(milakhis altafasir).

 alththani: tafsiraliayat alkarima 

qawlah taealaa: “‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthara” ‘ayi “‘inna ‘aetaynak ” ya muhammad “slaa allah taealaa ealayh wasalama” alkawthar
” hu nahr fi aljannat hu hawdh tarid ealayh ‘ummath , walkawthar : alkhayr alkathir min alnnubuwwat walquran walshshafaeat wanahwha( )w’asal alkawthar fawieal min alkathrat , walearab tasmiy kula shay’ kthyr fi aleadad ‘aw kthyr alqadr walkhatar kuthira , waqil alkawthar alfadayil alkathirat alty fadal biha ealaa jmye alkhalq fjmye ma ja’ fi tafsir alkawthar faqad ‘uetayh alnabiu slla alllh ealayh wsllm ‘aeti alnubuat , walkitab , walhikmat , walealam , walshafaeat , walhawd almawrud , walmaqam almahmud , wakathrat al’atbae , wal’iislam , wa’iizharih ealaa al’adyan klha , walnnsr ealaa al’aeda’ , wakathrat alfutawh fi zimanih wabaedih ‘iilaa yawm alqiamati.تفسیر سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

 althalth:alnakt alghariba 

‘ielm! an qira’at aleama. ‘inna ‘aetaynak bialeayn. waqrana alhasan watalhat bin msrf:” antynak” bialnuwn,
warawtuh ‘am salimat ean alnabii salla alllah ealayh wasallama, wahi lughat fi aleata’i, ‘antitah: aetituh. walkawthara: faweal min alkithrat, mithl alnwfl min alnafl, waljawhar min aljuhr. walearab tusamaa kl shyin kthyr fi aleadad walqadr walkhatar kuthra. qal sfyan: qil lieujuz raje aibniha min alsfr: bim ab abnk? qalat bikuthir, ‘ayu bimal kthyr. walkuthar min alrijal: alsyd alkthyr alkhayr. qal alkamiyt

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