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تفسیر سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

 

الباب التاسع بعد المائة في تفسيرسُورة الكوثر

تفسير سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

 

albab alttasie baed almiayat fi tfsyrsurt alkawthar
bism alllah alrrahmn alrrahim تفسیر سورة الكوثران شانئك هو الابتر

‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthar (1) fasall lirabbik wanhar (2) ‘inn shaniak hu al’abtar (3)﴿ wafih fslan: alfasl al’awal fi muhtawayat surat alkawthar .wafih bahath ghurayb , wafih masayil

 al’uwlaa : maerifatuha 

aelm!an aelm!an surat alkawthar makiatan qalah abn eabbas radi allah taealaa eanhuma waljamhur rahamahum allah taealaa , waqil ‘iinaha madaniat qalah alhasan waeakramat waqitadat rahamihim allah taealaa wahi thlath ayat waeashar kalimat waithnan wa’arbaeun harafa( )yeani min almufsil . wayatuha thlath .watartibuha bialmushf alththaminat baed almiaya . wanuzalat baed surat aleadiati. wabada’at biaslub tawkid . fawasil ayatiha ealaa alrra’i. wahi ‘aqsar suar alquran eadad kalimat waeadad hurufan, wa’amaa fi eadad alayat fasurat aleasr wasurat alnasr mithlaha walakun kalimatuha ‘akthar. walam yadhkur lifazi aljalalat fiha , wala nasikh wala mansukh fiha , wayujad fi alquran arbe suar mabdu’atan bima badiat bih hadhih walfath wanuh walqadr , wala yujad surat makhtumat bima khatamat bih walam takarir bialquran kilhu.alkuthr hu ‘ahad ‘anhar aljana .wafiyha bayan alminnat ealaa syd almursalin , w’amrh balsslat walqurban , w’iikhbarh b’iihlak ‘aedayh ‘ahl alkhaybat walkhudhlani. (mlakhas altafasira).

 althanyt: rabtuha 

aelm!an qal al’imam fakhar aldiyn rahimah allah taealaa: hi kalmuqabilat lilati qabliha , li’ana alssabiqat wasaf allah subhanah fiha almunafiqin bi’arbaeat ‘umur : albakhl , watirak alsalat , walriya’ fiha , wamane alzakat wadhakar fi hadhih alsuwrat fi muqabalat albakhl : ( ‘inna ‘aetynak alkwthar) ‘aya : alkhayr alkthyr wafi muqabalat tarak alsala (fsall) ‘ay dum ealayha wafi muqabalat alriya’ : (lrbk) ‘aya : lrdah , la lilnaas wafi muqabalat mane almaeun : (wanhr) wa’arad bih : altasaduq biluhum al’adahi qal : faietabar hadhih almunasibat aleajiba.( )

 alththalithat aismuha 

aelm!an sumiyat hadhih alsawrat fi jmye almasahif alty ra’aynaha fi jmye altafasir ‘aydaan “swarat alkuthiriliaiftitahiha biqawl alllah taealaa mukhatibaan nabih – salaa allah ealayh wasalam – : ‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthar ‘aya alkhayr alkthyr alddayim fi aldunya walakhirat , waminh : nahr alkawthar fi aljinati. wakadhalak eunuanuha altarmadhia fi kitab altafsir min “jamaeih”. waeunuaniha albikharii fi sahihih sura {‘inna ‘aetaynak alkawthara} walam yueiduha fi “al’iitqana” mae alsuwr alty lays laha ‘akthar min asma. wanuqil saed allah alshahir bisaediin fi “hashiatih ealaa tafsir albaydawi” ean albqaey ‘anaha tusamaa “swarat alnahra”..(mulakhis altafasir).

 alrabet: mawdueuha 

aelm!an qad tahadatht ean fadal allah aleazim ealaa nabih alkarim , bi’iietayih alkhayr alkthyr , walnaem aleazimat fi aldunya walakhirat , waminha (nhar alkawthar ) waghayr dhlk min alkhayr aleazim aleamim , waqad daeat alrasul ‘iilaa ‘iidamat alsalat , wanahr alhady shukraan lilah wakhatamat alsuwrat bibasharat alrasul ( – salaa allah ealayh wasalam – ) bikhaziyi ‘aedayih , wawasafat mubaghidih bialdhilat walhaqarat , wal’iinqitae min kl khayr fi aldunya walakhirat , baynama dhakar alrasul marfue ealaa almanayir walmanabir , waisimah alsharif ealaa kl lisan , khalid ‘iilaa akhir aldahr walzamani.

alkhamst: khalasatuha 

aelm!an ashtamalat ealaa bisharat alnabii ( salaa allah ealayh wasalam ) bi’anah ‘uety alkhayr alkthyr fi aldunya walakhirat wa’amruh bi’ana yashkur allah ealaa dhlk bal’iiqbal ealaa aleibada .wa’ana dhlk hu alkamal alhaqu la ma yatatawal bih almushrikun ealaa almuslimin bialtharwat walniemat wahum maghdub ealayhim min allah taealaa li’anahum ‘abghaduu rasulih , waghadib allah btar lahum ‘iidha kanuu bimahali alsukht min allah . wa’ana ainqitae alwald aldhikr lays btraan li’ana dhlk la ‘athar lah fi kamal al’iinsan.

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